Conclusions: A 42% decrease in sRaw predicted FEV(1) reversibility reasonably well, whereas a smaller decrease in sRaw failed to detect approximately one out of two positive responses detected by FEV(1), with no influence of height or age.”
“Bariatric surgery leads to significant weight
loss in the obese patient. Exercise has been shown to improve weight loss and body composition in non-surgical weight loss programmes. The role of exercise to improve weight loss following bariatric surgery is unclear. The objective of this review is to systematically appraise the evidence regarding exercise for weight loss in the treatment of obesity in bariatric surgery patients. MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, EBM Reviews see more (Cochrane Database, Cochrane Clinical Trials Register) were searched, obesity-related journals were hand-searched and reference lists checked. Studies containing post-surgical patients and exercise were included with the primary outcome of interest being weight loss. learn more A literature search identified
17 publications exploring exercise in bariatric surgery patients. All studies were observational; there were no intervention studies found. The most commonly used instruments to measure activity level were questionnaires followed by telephone interview, surgeon reporting and clinical notes. There was a positive relationship between increased exercise and weight loss after surgery in 15 studies. Meta-analysis demonstrated in patients participating in exercise a MK-8931 standardised mean of 3.62 kg (CI = 1.28, 5.96) greater weight loss compared to the minimal exercise groups. Observational studies suggest that exercise is associated with greater
weight loss following bariatric surgery. Randomised controlled trials are required to further examine this relationship.”
“Associations between painting, sensitization, and respiratory disease have received little attention, despite the extensive use of paint and paint removal products. The objectives of this study were to investigate the possible immunotoxicity and pulmonary toxicity induced by paints in Egyptian painter workers. This study was carried out on 60 adult males. Subjects were designated as controls (n = 30 healthy persons) or paint-exposed workers (n = 30). The controls and workers were then divided into four equal groups (15 individuals/group): Group I, Control group-never smoked; Group II, Smoker controls; Groups III, paint-exposed non-smoking workers; and Group IV, paint-exposed smoker workers. A complete physical examination, chest radiograph, and pulmonary function test (PFT) were performed with each subject. Serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) E and interleukin (IL)-4, -6, and -10, WBC sub-set counts, total numbers of WBC, and leukocyte differentials were also assessed.