Scale bar: 100 μm. B. The proliferation of atypical tumor cells with osteoid formation is shown. Xenografted tumor cells resemble original tumor cells. Scale bar: 50 μm. Cell growth and morphological findings in vitro UTOS-1 cells were spindle-shaped, contained several nucleoli, and formed clumps. Two weeks after initial cultivation in primary culture, the tumor cells reached subconfluence with some Pictilisib piled-up foci selleck products of cells (Figure 4A). After the cells were serially subcultured for about 3 months, they began to grow rapidly at passage 6 (Figure 4B). Figure 4 Morphology under phase-contrast microscopy. A. In primary
culture, spindle-shaped tumor cells reach subconfluence with some piled-up foci of cells. Scale bar: 100 μm. B. At passage
6, the tumor cells begin to grow rapidly. The configuration of tumor cells is equalized after the 6th generation. Scale bar: 100 μm. This new cell line has been maintained in vitro for more than 50 passages over more than 2 years. In the exponential phase of cell growth, the population-doubling time was 40 hours (Figure 5). Figure 5 Tumor cell growth in vitro. UTOS-1 cells begin to grow ~24 hours after inoculation. The population-doubling time of the cells is 40 hours. Values are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation Selleckchem LY2874455 of triplicate cultures. Immunohistochemical and cytochemical findings All UTOS-1 cells were negative for AE1/AE3
and keratin mix. Most UTOS-1 cells were positive for vimentin. All UTOS-1 cells were positive for OP, OC and ALP (Figure 6). Figure 6 Immunohistochemical findings. A, B. UTOS-1 cells are negative for AE1/AE3 and keratin mix. C, D, E. Most UTOS-1 cells are positive for vimentin, OP, and OC. F. Staining for ALP was performed using a modified Methamphetamine cytochemical method. ALP activity is visible as blue staining. UTOS-1 cells are strongly positive for ALP. RT-PCR UTOS-1 cells expressed ALP, OP and OC, which is similar to the results for Saos-2 (Figure 7). Figure 7 Osteoblast marker expression in UTOS-1 cells. The expression of several osteoblast markers, including ALP, OP and OC, is shown. Saos-2, which is one of the most popular OS cell lines, is used as a positive control for osteoblastic markers in UTOS-1 cells. These cells express ALP, OP and OC, which is similar to Saoa-2. Cytogenetic findings A representative karyotype is shown in Figure 8. 50 UTOS-1 cells exhibited a complex karyotype. The karyotypes of UTOS-1 cells at passage 15 were similar to those of the original tumor.