(C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved “
“Background Al

(C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background. Although a substantial body of research points to a link between psychological distress and inflammatory responses in middle-aged and older adults, particularly those with cardiovascular disease, the relationship between inflammation and distress in young, healthy individuals has not been established. This study was designed to investigate the cross-sectional association between psychological distress and inflammatory proteins in a young, healthy representative population of English adults.

Method. Participants were 1338 individuals aged 16-34 years from the 2006

Health Survey for England (HSE). Blood samples to measure plasma fibrinogen and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), as well as measures of psychological distress (using the General Health Questionnaire 12-item scale, GHQ-12) and covariates,

were collected during home visits. Linear regression was used PRN1371 cell line to assess the relationship between psychological distress and fibrinogen and hsCRP.

Results. Higher self-rated distress was positively associated with fibrinogen level in this young population, independently of age, sex, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, smoking, and alcohol and medication use (beta = 0.024, p < 0.01). Psychological distress was not related to hsCRP.

Conclusions. Psychological distress may negatively impact inflammatory processes in young adulthood before the onset of chronic health problems such EPZ-6438 concentration as hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Longitudinal research is needed to elucidate Staurosporine cell line the relationship between distress and inflammation in young adults and its significance for later disease states.”
“Objective: Ventricular fibrillation occurs commonly after aortic crossclamping in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Ventricular fibrillation increases myocardial oxygen consumption, and defibrillation may harm the myocardium. Thus, a pharmacologic

approach to decreasing the incidence of ventricular fibrillation or the number of shocks required may be beneficial. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether amiodarone or lidocaine was superior to placebo for the prevention of ventricular fibrillation after aortic crossclamping in patients undergoing a variety of cardiac surgical procedures.

Methods: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring aortic crossclamping were randomized to receive lidocaine 1.5 mg/kg, amiodarone 300 mg, or placebo before aortic crossclamp removal The primary outcomes were the incidence of ventricular fibrillation and the number of shocks required to terminate ventricular fibrillation.

Results: A total of 342 patients completed the trial. On multivariate analysis, there was no difference in the incidence of ventricular fibrillation among treatment groups. The number of required shocks was categorized as 0, 1 to 3, and greater than 3.

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