In this study, batch experiments were carried out to verify this effect using synthetic solutions.
RESULTS: Addition of seed crystals could increase the rate of MAP crystallization and significantly shorten the reaction crystallization time, especially for solutions with a
lower supersaturation ratio (Omega). Crystallization time of MAP with and without seed addition can be expressed by two different formulas, in which the crystallization with feed addition followed an exponential function, and the secondary formula fitted a two-order power function. When 0.422 g L(-1) of seed crystals was added the equilibration time for crystallization calculated by the formula was reduced by 75min for low Staurosporine inhibitor supersaturation ratio solution and 26min for medium supersaturation ratio solution.
CONCLUSION: To increase the MAP reaction rate and to shorten induction
and equilibration times, seed crystal addition should be practiced (C) 2011 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Although Proteus mirabilis is a common human pathogen, bacteremia caused by the organism, especially strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), has rarely been investigated. We examined 64 cases of P. mirabilis bacteremia identified in the Minami Ibaraki Area, Japan, between 2001 and 2010 and compared the characteristics of cases with ESBL-producing and ESBL-non-producing strains (13 and 51 cases, respectively). All ESBL-producing strains with the gene encoding the CTX-M-2-group were genetically nonidentical. Isolation of ESBL-producing strains was significantly associated with onset in
a hospital (p = 0.030), receiving hemodialysis find more (p = 0.0050), and previous antibiotic use within 1 month (p = 0.036; especially penicillin and/or cephalosporin (p = 0.010) and fluoroquinolone (p = 0.0069)). Isolation was also associated with inappropriate antibiotic therapy on the 1st and 4th days (p = 0.011 and 0.032, respectively) but not with mortality on the 30th day. These findings indicate that, for P. mirabilis bacteremia, isolation of ESBL-producing strains causes delay of initiating appropriate antimicrobial therapy but may not be associated with mortality.”
“A 68-year-old man developed a local recurrence with Buparlisib cell line multiple cutaneous and subcutaneous nodules three months after excision of a primary malignant melanoma of the temple. Despite extensive surgery and adjuvant irradiation, another local recurrence occurred. Following further local progression during dacarbazine chemotherapy, topical treatment with imiquimod was begun and the chemotherapy was changed to fotemustine. During this treatment further local progression occurred and two months later regional lymph node and distant metastasis were detected. The patient died from his tumor disease eighteen months after the first diagnosis of malignant melanoma.”
“BACKGROUND: Owing to the rapid depletion of petroleum fuel, the production of butanol through biological routes has attracted increasing attention.