None of the patients had severe regurgitation No aortic valvulop

None of the patients had severe regurgitation. No aortic valvuloplasty was performed. The significant

risk factors for aortic regurgitation were subpulmonary stenosis (p = 0.001) and a muscular posteroinferior rim (p = 0.000). Subpulmonary stenosis was seen in 57 patients (35%), found to be mild to moderate in 42 cases (26%) and severe in 15 cases (9%). Adequacy of the stenosis band was repaired through the tricuspid valve for 57 of these patients. The definition of EVSD should identify it as a subgroup different from pVSD, and it should be closed as soon as it is identified in developing countries. Aortic regurgitation occurs rarely, and aortic valvoplasty should be performed if it exceeds GW4869 a moderate level. The subpulmonary

stenosis can be repaired through the tricuspid valve.”
“OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of asymptomatic vertebral fractures on the quality of life in older women as part of the Sao Paulo Ageing & Health Study.

METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 180 women 65 years of age or older with or without vertebral fractures. The Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis was administered to all subjects. Anthropometric data were obtained by physical examination, and the body mass index was calculated. Lateral thoracic and lumbar spine X-ray scans were obtained to identify asymptomatic vertebral fractures using a semi-quantitative method.

RESULTS: Women with asymptomatic vertebral fractures had lower total scores [61.4(15.3) vs. 67.1(14.2), p = 0.03] and worse physical function domain scores [69.5(20.1) check details vs. 77.3(17.1), p = 0.02] for the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation Selleckchem PARP inhibitor for Osteoporosis compared with women without fractures. The total score of this questionnaire was also worse in women classified as obese than in women classified as overweight or normal. High physical activity was related to a better total score for this questionnaire (p = 0.01). Likewise, lower physical function scores were

observed in women with higher body mass index values (p < 0.05) and lower physical activity levels (p < 0.05). Generalized linear models with gamma distributions and logarithmic link functions, adjusted for age, showed that lower total scores and physical function domain scores for the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis were related to a high body mass index, lower physical activity, and the presence of vertebral fractures (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Vertebral fractures are associated with decreased quality of life mainly physical functioning in older community-dwelling women regardless of age, body mass index, and physical activity. Therefore, the results highlight the importance of preventing and controlling asymptomatic vertebral fractures to reduce their impact on quality of life among older women.

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