Since the resonance layer is polarization-sensitive, separate res

Since the resonance layer is polarization-sensitive, separate resonance peaks occur for incident TE (electric vector normal to the plane of incidence) and TM (magnetic vector normal to the plane of incidence) polarization states. The sensor element can be prepared with standard surface chemistries to covalently attach a selective detection layer (such as antibodies or aptamers). The sensor is multifunctional as only the sensitizing surface layer needs to be chemically altered to detect different species. This sensor technology is broadly applicable to med
Recent advances in wireless communications and electronics have enabled the development of low-cost, low-power and multi-functional sensors that are small in size and communicate over short distances [1].

A wireless sensor network (WSN) is composed of a large number of small sensors with constrained energy, limited computation, communication range, and unchangeable battery power. Sensor nodes can be distributed in an outdoor environment to collect sensing data and forward it to base station via wireless channel [2�C4]. Applications of WSNs range from indoor applications such as smart homes and health monitoring in a hospital to outdoor applications such as highway traffic monitoring, combat field surveillance, security and disaster management [5�C8].In many applications, WSNs are deployed in outdoor environments.

Consequently, they are vulnerable to false data injection attacks [9] in which an adversary inject Drug_discovery false sensing reports into the network, through compromised nodes, with the goal of deceiving the base station or draining the constrained energy of the nodes [10].

The statistical en-route filtering scheme (SEF) [9] can filter out forged reports during the forwarding process. In the scheme, for an event, sensing nodes collaboratively generate a report which contains message authentication codes (MACs) so that each MAC is generated from a node using its symmetric keys and represents its agreement on the report [11]. As a report is forwarded towards the base station over multiple hops, each forwarding node verifies the MACs carried in the report, checking if it has any of the keys used to generate those MACs.

If it does not have any of those keys, the report is forwarded without verification. Therefore, the detection power of the SEF is affected considerably by the choice of routing path [12].The path selection method (PSM) [12] was proposed to improve the detection power of SEF. In PSM sensor nodes evaluate the detection power of each incoming path from the base station Dacomitinib and elect the most secure path for data transmission against false data injection attacks.

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