“The study’s objective was to empirically assess cognitive and emotional empathy in patients with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). To date, “”lack of empathy”" is a core feature of NPD solely based on clinical observation. The study’s method was that forty-seven patients
with NPD, 53 healthy controls, and 27 clinical controls with borderline personality disorder (BPD) were included in the study. Emotional and cognitive empathy were assessed with traditional questionnaire measures, the newly developed Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET), and the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC). The study’s results were that individuals with NPD displayed significant impairments in emotional empathy on the MET. Furthermore, relative to BPD patients and healthy controls, NPD patients did not show deficits in cognitive empathy on the BLZ945 ic50 MET or MASC. Crucially, this empathic profile of NPD is not captured by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV for Axis II Disorders (SCID-II). The study’s conclusions were that while NPD involves deficits in emotional empathy, cognitive empathy seems grossly unaffected. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: We described population level trends in radical prostatectomy for patients
Selleck PF477736 with prostate cancer by hospitals with robotic surgery, and assessed whether socioeconomic disparities exist in access to such hospitals.
Materials and Methods: After merging the NIS (Nationwide Inpatient Sample) and the AHA (American Hospital Association) survey from 2006 to 2008, we identified 29,837 patients with prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy. The primary
outcome was treatment with radical prostatectomy at hospitals that have adopted robotic surgery. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify patient and hospital characteristics Edoxaban associated with radical prostatectomy performed at hospitals with robotic surgery.
Results: Overall 20,424 (68.5%) patients were surgically treated with radical prostatectomy at hospitals with robotic surgery, while 9,413 (31.5%) underwent radical prostatectomy at hospitals without robotic surgery. There was a marked increase in radical prostatectomy at hospital adopters from 55.8% in 2006 and 70.7% in 2007 to 76.1% in 2008 (p < 0.001 for trend). After adjusting for patient and hospital features, lower odds of undergoing radical prostatectomy at hospitals with robotic surgery were seen in black patients (OR 0.81, p < 0.001) and Hispanic patients (OR 0.77, p < 0.001) vs white patients. Compared to having private health insurance, being primarily insured with Medicaid (OR 0.70, p < 0.001) was also associated with lower odds of being treated at hospitals with robotic surgery.