001) at all three time points, while mean values did not differ s

001) at all three time points, while mean values did not differ significantly between the soy and the red clover groups. The mean HDL levels of patients in the control group was significantly lower than in both the soy and the red clover groups (p < 0.001).\n\nConclusions: Phytoestrogen supplementation had a positive metabolic effect on serum lipid levels in postmenopausal women. The impact on serum lipids levels was similar for soy and red clover.”
“The taxonomic position and genetic relationship within Indian Drimia species is controversial P005091 in vivo due to their morphological similarities and genomic complexities. The present work gives an insight on the

genetic relationship between Indian Drimia species on the basis of their karyotype, pollen morphology, flower opening characteristics, hybridization behavior, and by use of DNA sequence of two molecular markers (internal

transcribed spacers [ITS] and maturase K [matK]). The karyotypic studies of Indian Drimia species revealed various polyploid forms making their identification and delimitation more difficult. The five species of Indian Drimia are LY294002 cell line grouped into two complexes, indica complex and wightii complex on the basis of their pollen morphology, karyotype, and hybridization behavior. These two groups were found to be evolving separately. The cytomorphological studies of wightii complex revealed that it is evolving through polyploid and chromosome repatterning, while indica complex have adapted polyploid as well as hybridization for evolution. Phylogeny obtained from DNA sequences of molecular markers (ITS and matK) confirmed that the indica complex and wightii complex are evolving parallely, by grouping

them in two selleck screening library clusters. Thus, a combination of conventional and molecular methods proved to be of great use for delimiting a small but complex group of Indian Drimia species.”
“This work was concerned with the numerical simulation of the behaviour of aortic valves whose material can be modelled as non-linear elastic anisotropic. Linear elastic models for the valve leaflets with parameters used in previous studies were compared with hyperelastic models, incorporating leaflet anisotropy with pronounced stiffness in the circumferential direction through a transverse isotropic model. The parameters for the hyperelastic models were obtained from fits to results of orthogonal uniaxial tensile tests on porcine aortic valve leaflets. The computational results indicated the significant impact of transverse isotropy and hyperelastic effects on leaflet mechanics; in particular, increased coaptation with peak values of stress and strain in the elastic limit. The alignment of maximum principal stresses in all models follows approximately the coarse collagen fibre distribution found in aortic valve leaflets.

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