By immunohistochemistry, greater expression of MMP-9 and less expression of TIMP-1 in ectopic endometrium than in eutopic endometrium was also observed . Recently, it was demonstrated in mice that the treatment of 15-Epi-lipoxin A4 (LXA4) may inhibit the progression of endometriosis this website possibly by lowering the concentrations and the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9
. In our model, MMP-9 mRNA expression, as expected, was greater in endometriotic lesions than in eutopic endometrium. AR-13324 Our results indicate a direct role for MMPs in the ability of rat endometrium to establish ectopic lesions within the peritoneum. By other hand, it is known that proteoglycans play an important role in the maintenance of vascular integrity. Kirn-Safran et al. (2008)  showed that proteoglycans are involved in angiogenesis by presenting and modulating a wide range of growth factors such as fibroblast growth Selleckchem eFT508 factor-2 and -10 and VEGF on their glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side-chains. Recently, we have demonstrated that chondroitin sulfate (CS) GAG was the dominant sulfated GAG present in stroma of deeply infiltrating endometriosis lesion foci , as also observed in eutopic endometrium . Taken together, these studies suggest that the high concentration of CS in endometriosis could be related to the angiogenesis process, and reinforce the importance of extracellular
matrix metalloproteinases in the progression of endometriosis. Animal models of endometriosis are of extreme value and indispensable for the evaluation of pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of this prevalent gynaecological disease. Other possible and important use for this method is to test the angiogenic
therapy for endometriosis. Although there are disadvantages in extrapolating data across species, it is still possible to utilize animal models to study events involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis that are not accessible in humans. Rat endometriotic tissues and cells perform similarly to human endometriotic cells, as revealed in this study. While the rat model for endometriosis has been used to identify effects of ectopic endometrial tissue adhesion and growth, the mechanisms eliciting these effects remain elusive. In general, animal models will help to develop novel non-invasive diagnostic tools and improved therapeutical approaches for improved treatment of endometriosis Adenylyl cyclase in women. Conclusions Here we originally showed that the pattern of angiogenic process in rat endometriosis is very similar to human disease. Despite recent advances in the field, there is still only a limited amount of knowledge about the mechanisms regulating the complex dynamic process of blood-vessel development in endometriotic lesions. The introduction of sophisticated in vivo models of peritoneal and extra-peritoneal endometriosis, which allow for detailed monitoring of angiogenesis within endometriotic lesions under standardized conditions, certainly will help to clarify these mechanisms.