The PCR product was cloned in pCR®2.1-TOPO, sequenced and excised GSK3235025 clinical trial by digestion with EcoR1. The restriction product was cloned in the MCS of pSD2G to produce pSD2G-RNAi1 (Additional File 3A). For the construction of pSD2G-RNAi2, a 432 bp sequence of the 5′ region of the sscmk1 gene (nucleotides 379 to 810) was amplified by PCR with primers: CaMKRNAi2 (fw) 5′ atgagcttctctagtatg 3′ and CAMKRNAi2 (rev) 5′ ttttaggtctcgatgcac 3′ using S. schenckii cDNA as template using the same conditions stated above. The cloned
insert was sequenced and excised from the pCR®2.1-TOPO plasmid by digestion with XbaI and HindIII and cloned into pSD2G to produce mTOR inhibition pSD2G-RNAi2 (Additional File 3B). Cloning of the inserts into the linearized plasmid was performed using the Quick T4 DNA Ligase (New England Biolabs, Ipswich, MA, USA) as described by the manufacturer. Plasmid preparations were obtained using the Qiagen Plasmid Midi kit (Qiagen Corp., Valencia, CA, USA), as described by the manufacturer. Confirmation of the inserted sequence was done using the Retrogen DNA Sequencing. Transformation HMPL-504 cost The transformation protocol used was a modification of the method described for Ophiostoma
. Briefly: yeast cells (approximately 109 cells) were collected by centrifugation, washed with sterile distilled water, resuspended in 50 ml of Solution A (25 mM β-mercaptoethanol, 5 mM Na2EDTA, pH 8.0) and incubated for 20 min at 25°C selleck screening library with gentle shaking. The cells were centrifuged and re-suspended in 1 M MgSO4, re-centrifuged and incubated in 10 ml (10 mg/ml) of Glucanex ® (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) for 2 hours at 25°C with gentle agitation. Forty ml of STC (1 M sorbitol, 25 mM Tris HCl, 50 mM CaCl2) solution were added and the cell suspension centrifuged. The pellet was resuspended in 6 ml of STC and 3 aliquots of 200 μl each of the protoplast suspension were transferred to 50 ml centrifuge tubes. The following compounds were added in a stepwise manner: 1 μl of β-mercaptoethanol,
10 μg of transforming DNA (pSD2G-RNAi1 or 2, or pSD2G), 50 μl of a 66% PEG 3,350 solution in 25 mM CaCl2/25 mM Tris-HCl and 10 μl of denatured salmon sperm DNA (10 mg/ml). After a 20 minutes incubation at 25°C, an additional 2.5 ml of PEG solution was added in aliquots of 1 drop, 0.5 ml and 2 ml, and incubated for 20 minutes at 25°C. One, five and thirty ml of STC were added to the protoplast suspension. The suspension was centrifuged for 20 min at 1,500 rpm (450 × g) and the pellet resuspended in 1 ml of a modification of medium M (1 M sorbitol). After a recovery period of 3 hours at 35°C with gentle agitation, 200 μl aliquots were plated on geneticin (300 μg/ml) containing medium M agar plates and incubated at 35°C until colonies appear (7-10 days). For RNAi controls, cells were transformed with pSD2G.