Reduction control in surgery for this common facial
fracture would be facilitated by intraoperative real-time assessment using widely available and reliable equipment. Although C-arm fluoroscopy AZD6244 MAPK inhibitor is routinely used in the repair of orthopedic fractures, its use in the maxillofacial region, particularly for combined zygomatic fractures, has been scarcely reported.
Methods: We prospectively evaluated C-arm-guided reduction in 38 patients of combined zygomatic fracture without concurrent craniofacial fractures. Patients were classified according to the presence or absence of bone contact in the displaced zygomatic arch, namely as conserved (C) and loss (L) types, respectively. Reduction status was determined by the degree of recovery of the malar prominence and arch shape.
Results: In all cases, C-arm imaging clearly displayed the displaced zygomatic arch and body in a single image. Cumulative fluoroscopic time was a few minutes in all cases. Total reduction status was excellent in 21 patients and good in 17. No case was classified
as fair or poor. Repair was significantly more favorable in type C than in type L cases (p = 0.0016).
Conclusions: In combined zygomatic fractures, the C-arm technique provides easy, flexible, and time-efficient adjustment. Its comprehensive imaging for zygomatic arch shape and body contour markedly facilitates the control of fracture reduction and protects
against unexpected, LDN-193189 TGF-beta/Smad inhibitor unsatisfactory outcomes.”
“A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. We address this website whether routine pharmacological stress ulcer prophylaxis is of benefit for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. One hundred and fifty-six papers were found using the reported search, of which 10 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date, country of publication, patient group, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers were tabulated. The results show that the incidence of stress ulcers following cardiac surgery is low (0.45%), but remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Five of the 7 studies demonstrated suppression of acid secretion or decreased incidence of gastric complications in patients given pharmacological stress ulcer prophylaxis, with the remaining two suggesting no clinical benefit. One prospective study of 210 patients, randomized equally between a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), histamine antagonist and teprenone, found that PPIs were the most effective at reducing gastric complications after cardiac surgery, including ulcer formation and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). However, a separate retrospective study suggested no difference in the outcomes between the use of a PPI and a histamine antagonist.