In this approach, electron-donor and acceptor electro-active segments are assembled individually in each column to give one-dimensional nanostructured materials with precisely tuned electronic properties.
Their desirable electronic structures responsible for both hole and electron conductions have also been examined by cyclic voltammetry and theoretical calculations. The present results provide a new guideline and versatile approach to the design of ambipolar conductive nanostructured liquid-crystalline materials.”
“Patterns of replication within eukaryotic genomes correlate with gene expression, chromatin structure, and genome evolution. LBH589 Recent advances in genome-scale mapping of replication kinetics have allowed these correlations to be explored in many species, cell types, and growth conditions, and these large data sets have allowed quantitative and computational analyses. One striking new correlation to emerge from these analyses is between
replication timing and the three-dimensional structure of chromosomes. This correlation, which is significantly stronger than with any single histone modification or chromosome-binding protein, suggests that replication timing is controlled at the level of chromosomal domains. This conclusion dovetails with parallel work on the heterogeneity of origin firing and the competition between origins for limiting activators https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ABT-263.html to suggest a model in which the stochastic probability of individual origin firing is modulated by chromosomal domain structure to produce patterns of replication. Whether these patterns have inherent biological functions or simply reflect higher-order genome structure is an open question.”
“In mammals, the forkhead box class O (FOXO) family of transcription factors consists of the four members FOXO1, FOXO3A, FOXO4,
and FOXO6. The FOXO genes are homologues of daf-16, a key regulator of the insulin-IGF1 signaling pathway and a modulator of lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans. Recently, variants in FOXO3A have consistently been associated with human longevity in various populations see more worldwide. Given this confirmed finding, it is conceivable that polymorphisms in the other FOXO genes might have a similar effect on human longevity. To evaluate whether allelic variation in FOXO1, FOXO4, and FOXO6 influences the ability to become long-lived, we performed a comprehensive haplotype-tagging analysis of the three genes in a group of 1447 centenarians/nonagenarians and 1029 younger controls from Germany. This is the first investigation to analyze a possible association of human longevity with FOXO4 and FOXO6, respectively, and the largest and most comprehensive study to date to assess the genetic contribution of FOXO1 to the phenotype.