Conclusion. The scoliotic model created by scapula-to-contralateral
SB203580 chemical structure ilium tethering procedure in bipedal rats can preferably simulate the human scoliosis.”
“Pharmacodynamic (PD) assays should be used before advancing new drugs to clinical trials. Most PD assays measure the response to drugs in tissue, a procedure which requires tissue biopsies. The M30-Apoptosense (R) ELISA is a PD biomarker assay for the quantitative determination of caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 (CK18) released from apoptotic carcinoma cells into blood. We here demonstrate that whereas the M30-Apoptosense (R) ELISA assay detects human caspase-cleaved CK18, the mouse and rat CK18 caspase cleavage products are detected with low affinity. The M30-Apoptosense (R) ELISA therefore facilitates the determination of drug-induced apoptosis in human tumour xenografts in rodents
using plasma samples, largely independently from host toxicity. Increases of caspase-cleaved CK18 were observed in plasma from different carcinoma xenograft models in response to anticancer drugs. The appearance caspase-cleaved CK18 in plasma was found to reflect formation of the caspase-cleaved LCL161 epitope in FaDu head-neck carcinomas and in cultured cells. The M30-Apoptosense (R) assay allows determination of tumour response in blood from xenograft models and from patients, providing a powerful tool for translational studies of anticancer drugs.”
“Intermittent rhythmic delta activity is a typical EEG pattern that was originally described by W.A. Cobb in 1945 (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 1945;8:65-78). It may be classified into three distinct forms according to the main cortical region involved on the EEG: frontal (FIRDA), temporal (TIRDA), and occipital (OIRDA) intermittent delta activity. This article is a review of the main aspects of these patterns, with a special focus on EEG features and problems that may be encountered during interpretation of these patterns. In contrast to FIRDA and OIRDA, TIRDA is highly indicative of
ipsilateral pathology. OIRDA and TIRDA are highly correlated with epilepsy, whereas FIRDA is a rather nonspecific EEG pattern. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Identification of individuals with catatonic A-1210477 order disorder secondary to a general medical condition (CD-GMC) may affect both acute and long-term patient management. The authors performed a 20-year retrospective cohort analysis of all patients meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for catatonic subtypes seen at our institution. Encephalitis was the most common etiologic diagnosis among patients with CD-GMC, and lumbar puncture the test most likely to affect acute management. Univariate logistic-regression analysis utilizing Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons yielded absence of a psychiatric history and history of clinical seizure as variables increasing the likelihood of a diagnosis of CD-GMC.